Unit I

Conduction. General 3D equation. Heat generation problems. Fins. Unsteady state conduction.

Unit II

Radiation Laws. Black and Gray bodies. Radiation exchange between surfaces. Radiation shields. Green house effect.

Unit III

Forced Convection. Boundary layer theory. External and internal flows. Free convection. Correla­tions.

Unit IV

Heat exchangers. Fouling factor, LMTD and NTU methods. Boiling and condensation. Boiling regimes and correlations. Nusselt's theory. Condensation over surfaces.

Unit V

Mass transfer. Fick's law. Similarities between heat and mass transfer.


1. Incropera, F.P. and Dewitt, D.P., Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, 5th ed., John Wiley,2002.
2. Holman, J.P., Heat Transfer, 9th ed., McGraw-Hill, 2004.
3. Ozisik, M.N., Heat Transfer - A Basic Approach, McGraw-Hill, 1985.
4. Cengel, Y.A., Heat Transfer - A Practical Approach<.i>, McGraw-Hill, 1998.