• To describe the function of the microprocessor and detail its basic operation
  • To understand the concepts of advanced architecture in the microprocessors
  • To describe the function and purpose of each program-visible registers in microprocessor
  • To describe the memory access in real mode and protected mode




  • Technical understanding of the functionality of 80286 architecture to design advanced microprocessors systems
  • Ability to design and use new interface techniques principle to access the peripherals.
  • Familiarize with the internal structure of motherboard and its components
  • Technical knowhow in designing a new chip


Unit – I

80286 Architecture- Instruction set - Addressing modes - Real mode - Protected mode - 80386 Architecture - Address segmentation - Paging - Segment registers.


Unit – II

Basic 486 Architecture- 486 memory system and memory management - Features of Pentium memory and I/O systems - Pentium memory management - Introduction to Pentium Pro features.


Unit – II

Introduction to PCs- Study of PC system layout - SCSI, CD-ROM & multimedia - Development of PC - PC components - Features and system design - Motherboards - Buses - BIOS.


Unit – IV

IDE Interface- Magnetic storage principles - Hard disk storage - Floppy disk storage - Optical Storage - Physical drive installation and configuration - Video hardware - Audio hardware.


Unit – V

Input devices - Power supply chassis - Building/upgrading systems - PC diagnostics - Testing and maintenance.



  • D. V. Hall, "Microprocessor and Interfacing Programming and Hardware", McGraw Hill, II Edition, 1999.



  • B. B. Brey, "The Intel Microprocessors 8086/8088, 80186/ 80188, 80286, 80386, 80486 and Pentium and Pentium Pro Processor", Prentice Hall of India, V Edition, 2006.