PRE-REQUISITE: Knowledge of Engineering mechanics.

Faculty: Dr. P.A.Krishnan

OBJECTIVE: To provide the same basic methodology to deformable bodies under the action of Forces and Torques.

1. Introduction-Units and Dimensions - Fluid properties. Fluid static�s : Pressure in a fluid - force on submerged planes - buoyancy - equilibrium of floating bodies

2. Types Of Flow And Measurement-Types of flow - one dimensional continuity, momentum, and Energy equations-Flow measurement - orificemeter - venturimeter, Pitot tube, orifices, mouthpieces, notches and weirs

3. Boundary Layer Theory-Ideal and real fluid flow - boundary layer concepts- flow through pipes - friction factor - flow losses in pipeline

4. Pump-Centrifugal pump - types - specific speed - Equations for energy transfer - efficiencies. Reciprocating pump - vane pump - gear pump � screw pump

5. Turbines-Hydraulic turbines - types - specific speed - pelton - Francis and Kaplan turbines - Calculation of power output efficiencies


1. Ramamurtham, S, "Strength of materials", Dhanpat Rai & Sons, 1991.
2. Popov ,E.P., "Mechanics of Materials", Prentice Hall inc., 1976.


1. Kothandaraman, C.P. and Rudramoorthy, R. "Basic Fluid Mechanics", New Age International, 1998.

2. Robert, W. Fox and Allan, T. McDonald. "Introduction to Fluid Mechanics", 4th Edn., John Willey & Sons, 1995.

3. Bansal, R.K., "Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines", Lakshmi Publications, 1993.